G, 60-200 cm
hill and mountain zone, medium site
Liana like structure. Distinct rings, diffuse porous, vessels mostly solitary, vessel diameter 40-110µm, vessel frequency 100-200 mm2, simple perforations, fibers, paratracheal parenchyma, thin walled marginal parenchyma, rayless, ray width 3-6 cells, often with sheet cells, heterocellular rays with 3-10 square and upright ray cells, without crystals.
Distinct ray dilatations, round groups of sclereids in phloem and cortex. With crystal druses,
For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics Volume 1.
© 2005 WSL - F. Schweingruber, W. Landolt, last update 18.11.2010