Biodiversity Landscape Development Management of Natural Hazards Natural Resources Forest Ecosystems
Research Units Research Programmes In focus Staff Organization Mission and Tasks History Job opportunities Contact and maps
Forest Protection SLF avalanche warnings Expertise and advice Monitoring Data sets Events Publications Library Products Für junge Neugierige
Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems
The International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems (ICP IM) is part of the UN ECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTRAP).
The methodology used in IM projects is described in detail in the IM manual which is available at the programme center. It is divided into mandatory and optional subprogramms which can be combined according to site conditions and research objectives.
The Swiss Contribution
Switzerland and the WSL has a long tradition of ecosystem research in hydrological basins. A century ago, research about the effect of forest cover on the water balance started in the two catchment Sperbelgraben and Rappengraben in Emmental. In the late 1970'ies long-term monitoring of the nutrient budget of several small subalpine catchment in Alptal started. Three of these catchments are now part of the National River Monitoring and Survey Programme (NADUF).
The measurements and observations of the Swiss contribution to the ICP IM has been carried out within various research and monitoring programmes and by numerous persons that are not all listed here: