Link zu WSL Hauptseite Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL


A. International Journal with Peer Review

Dawes, Melissa; Schleppi, Patrick; Hattenschwiler, Stephan; Rixen, Christian; Hagedorn, Frank (2017) Soil warming opens the nitrogen cycle at the alpine treeline. Global Change Biology, 23, 421–434.

Liancourt, Pierre; Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Yoann; Rixen, Christian; Dolezal, Jiri (2017) SGH: Stress or Strain Gradient Hypothesis? Insights from an elevation gradient on the roof of the world. Annals of Botany. doi:10.1093/aob/mcx037

Sedlacek, J., A. J. Cortes, J. Wheeler, O. Bossdorf, G. Hoch, J. Klapste, C. Lexer, C. Rixen, S. Wipf, S. Karrenberg, and M. van Kleunen. 2016. Evolutionary potential in the Alpine: trait heritabilities and performance variation of the dwarf willow Salix herbacea from different elevations and microhabitats. Ecology and Evolution 6:3940-3952.

Wheeler, J. A., A. J. Cortes, J. Sedlacek, S. Karrenberg, M. van Kleunen, S. Wipf, G. Hoch, O. Bossdorf, and C. Rixen. 2016. The snow and the willows: earlier spring snowmelt reduces performance in the low-lying alpine shrub Salix herbacea. Journal of Ecology 104:1041-1050.

Chelsea J. Little, Julia A. Wheeler, Janosch Sedlacek, Andrés J. Cortés, Christian Rixen (2016). Small-scale drivers: the importance of snowmelt timing and nutrient availability on performance of a subalpine shrub, Salix herbacea L. Oecologia 180:1015–1024.

Manuela Winkler, Andrea Lamprecht, Klaus Steinbauer, Karl Hülber, Jean-Paul Theurillat, Frank Breiner, Philippe Choler, Siegrun Ertl, Alba Gutiérrez Girón, Graziano Rossi, Pascal Vittoz, Maia Akhalkatsi, Christian Bay, José Luis Benito, Tomas Bergström, Maria Laura Carranza, Emmanuel Corcket, Jan Dick, Brigitta Erschbamer, Rosa Fernández Calzado, Anna Maria Fosaa, Rosario G. Gavilán, Dany Ghosn, Khatuna Gigauri, Doris Huber, Robert Kanka, George Kazakis, Martin Klipp, Jozef Kollar, Thomas Kudernatsch, Per Larsson, Luis Villar, Martin Mallaun, Ottar Michelsen, Pavel Moiseev, Dmitry Moiseev, Ulf Molau, Joaquin Molero Mesa, Umberto Morra di Cella, Laszlo Nagy, Martina Petey, Mihai Pușcaș, Christian Rixen, Angela Stanisci, Michael Suen, Anne Syverhuset, Marcello Tomaselli, Peter Unterluggauer, Tudor Ursu, Michael Gottfried, Harald Pauli (2016). The rich sides of mountain summits - a pan-European view on aspect preferences of alpine plants. Journal of Biogeography 43:2261-2273.

Vitasse, Yann; Rebetez, Martine; Filippa, Gianluca; Cremonese, Edoardo; Klein, Geoffrey; Rixen, Christian (2016, early online). 'Hearing' alpine plants growing after snowmelt: ultrasonic snow sensors provide long-term series of alpine plant phenology. Journal of Biometerology.

Geoffrey Klein, Yann Vitasse, Christian Rixen, Christoph Marty and Martine Rebetez (2016). Shorter snow cover duration since 1970 in the Swiss Alps due to earlier snowmelt more than later snow onset. Climatic Change 139: 637-649.

Vitasse, Yann; Rebetez, Martine; Klein, Geoffrey; Fichtner, André; Scharl, Andreas; Rixen, Christian (submitted). Additive snow and temperature effects on alpine plant communities based on ecological indicator values.

Emily F. Solly, Bjorn Lindahl, Melissa A. Dawes, Martina Peter, Romolu Celestino, Christian Rixen, Frank Hagedorn (2017 early online). Experimental soil warming shifts the fungal community composition at the alpine treeline. New Phytologist. doi: 10.1111/nph.14603

Romulo Souza; Simon Egli; Melissa Dawes; Frank Graf; Frank Hagedorn; Charles R Clement; Laszlo Nagy; Christian Rixen; Martina Peter (in press) Soil warming and CO2 enrichment effects on extracellular enzyme activities at alpine treeline. Plant and Soil.

Rachel Imboden, Aino Kulonen, Christian Rixen, Sheila Meier and Sonja Wipf (submitted) Enough space in a warmer world? Microhabitat diversity and small-scale distribution of alpine plants on mountain summits.

A.L. Prendin, G. Petit, P. Fonti, C. Rixen, M.A. Dawes, G. von Arx (submitted) Axial allometry of xylem anatomical structures reveals hierarchy in Larix decidua functional traits.

Alba Anadon-Rosell, Melissa A. Dawes, Patrick Fonti, Frank Hagedorn, Christian Rixen, Georg von Arx (submitted) Linking growth and functional xylem anatomy in the dwarf shrub Vaccinium myrtillus in a CO2 enrichment and soil warming experiment at treeline.

Wipf S, Dawes M, Stoeckli V., Rixen C (submitted) Accelerating enrichment but few losses of alpine summit flora over the past century.

Anna Maria Fiore-Donno, Christian Rixen, Martin Rippin, Karin Glaser, Elena Samolov, Ulf Karsten, Burkhard Becker, Michael Bonkowski (submitted) Efficient retrieval of cercozoan sequences in next-generation environmental diversity surveys, with emphasis on worldwide biological soil crusts.

Janet S. Prevéy, Mark Vellend, Nadja Rüger, Robert D. Hollister, Anne D. Bjorkman, Isla H. Myers-Smith, Sarah C. Elmendorf, Karin Clark, Elisabeth J. Cooper, Bo Elberling, A Maria Fosaa, Gregory H. R. Henry, Toke T. Høye, Ingibjörg Svala Jónsdóttir, Kari Klanderud, Esther Lévesque, Marguerite Mauritz, Ulf Molau, Susan M. Natali, Steven F. Oberbauer, Zoe A. Panchen, Eric Post, Sabine B. Rumpf, Niels M. Schmidt, E.A.G. Schuur, Phillip R. Semenchuk, Tiffany Troxler, Jeffrey M. Welker, Christian Rixen  (in press). Greater temperature sensitivity of plant phenology at colder sites: implications for convergence across northern latitudes. Global Change Biology.

Maria Dornelas et al. (submitted) BioTIME: a database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. Global Ecology and Biogeography.

Thomas, H.J.D. et al. (submitted) Traditional plant functional groups poorly explain plant trait variation in the tundra biome.

Yann Vitasse, Léonard Schneider; Christian Rixen; Danilo Christen; Martine Rebetez
Title (submitted) The risk of forest and fruit trees exposure to spring frosts has increased at higher elevation in Switzerland during the last four decades.

S. Palacio, S. Wipf, A. Lenz, G. Hoch, C. Rixen (2015) Bud freezing resistance in alpine shrubs across snow depth gradients. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 118, 95–101

Janosch Sedlacek, Julia Wheeler, Andrés J. Cortés, Oliver Bossdorf, Guenter Hoch, Christian Lexer, Sonja Wipf, Sophie Karrenberg, Mark van Kleunen, Christian Rixen (2015) The response of the alpine dwarf shrub Salix herbacea to altered snowmelt timing: lessons from a multi-site transplant experiment. PloS ONE. 10(4):
e0122395. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122395.

Elmendorf SC, Henry GHR, Hollister RD, Anna Maria Fosaa, William A Gould, Luise Hermanutz, Annika Hofgaard, Ingibjorg I Jónsdottir, Janet C Jorgenson, Esther Lévesque, Borgþór Magnússon, Ulf Molau, Isla H Myers-Smith, Steven F Oberbauer, Christian Rixen, Craig E Tweedie, Marilyn Walker (2015) Experimental, gradient and monitoring methods used to infer climate change effects on plant communities yield consistent patterns. PNAS 112, 448-452.

Isla H. Myers-Smith, Martin Hallinger, Daan Blok, Ute Sass-Klaassen, Shelly A. Rayback, Stef Weijers, Andrew Trant, Ken D. Tape, Adam T. Naito, Sonja Wipf, Christian Rixen, Melissa A. Dawes, Julia Wheeler, Agata Buchwal, Claudia Baittinger, Marc Macias-Fauria, Bruce C. Forbes, Esther Lévesque, Noémie Boulanger-Lapointe, Ilka Beil, Virve Ravolainen, and Martin Wilmking (2015). Methods for measuring arctic and alpine shrub growth:  Dendrochronology and ecology of the trees of the tundra. Earth-Science Reviews. 140, 1-13.

Burg S., Rixen C., Stöckli V., Wipf S. (2015) Observation bias and its causes in botanical resurveys on high-alpine summits. Journal of Vegetation Science 26: 191-200.

Melissa A. Dawes, Christopher D. Philipson, Patrick Fonti, Peter Bebi, Stephan
Hättenschwiler, Frank Hagedorn and Christian Rixen (2015) Soil warming and CO2 enrichment induce biomass shifts in alpine treeline vegetation. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12819

Julia Wheeler; Flurina Schnider; Janosch Sedlacek; Andres Cortés; Sonja Wipf; Guenter Hoch; Christian Rixen (2015) With a little help from my friends: facilitation for the dwarf shrub Salix herbacea under climate change. Basic and Applied Ecology, 16, 202-209.

Isla H. Myers-Smith, Sarah C. Elmendorf, Pieter S. A. Beck, Martin Wilmking, Martin Hallinger, Daan Blok, Ken D. Tape, Shelly A. Rayback, Marc Macias-Fauria, Bruce C. Forbes, James D. M. Speed, Noémie Boulanger-Lapointe, Christian Rixen, Esther Lévesque, Niels Martin Schmidt, Claudia Baittinger, Andrew J. Trant, Luise Hermanutz, Laura Siegwart Collier, Melissa A. Dawes, Trevor Lantz, Stef Weijers, Rasmus Halfdan Jørgensen, Agata Buchwal, Allan Buras, Adam T. Naito, Virve Ravolainen, Gabriela Schaepman-Strub, Julia Wheeler, Sonja Wipf, Kevin Guay, David S. Hik, and Mark Vellend (2015) Climate sensitivity of shrub growth across the tundra biome. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2697

Zaal Kikvidze, Rob W. Brooker, Bradley J. Butterfield, Ragan M.Callaway, Lohengrin A. Cavieres, Bradley J. Cook, Christopher J. Lortie, Richard Michalet, Francisco I. Pugnaire, Sa Xiao, Fabien Anthelme, Robert G. Björk, Rosario G. Gavilán, Robert Kanka, Jean-Paul Maalouf, Jalil Noroozi, Rabindra Parajuli, Gareth K. Phoenix, Anya Reid, Christian Rixen & Christian Schöb (2015) The effects of foundation species on community assembly: a global study on alpine cushion plant communities. Ecology 96(8), 2064–2069.

Christian Rixen, Sonja Wipf, Esther Frei, Veronika Stöckli (2014) Faster, Higher, More? Past, Present and Future Dynamics of Alpine and Arctic Flora under Climate Change. Alpine Botany 124:77–79. DOI 10.1007/s00035-014-0141-z

Wheeler, J., G. Hoch, A. J. Cortés, J. Sedlacek, S. Wipf, and C. Rixen (2014) Reduction of spring shrub performance under earlier snowmelt. Oecologia. 175:219–229. DOI 10.1007/s00442-013-2872-8

Cortés, A. J., S. Waeber, C. Lexer, J. Sedlacek, J. Wheeler, M. van Kleunen, O. Bossdorf, G. Hoch, C. Rixen, S. Wipf, and S. Karrenberg (2014) Small-scale patterns in snowmelt timing affect genetic diversity and gene flow in the alpine dwarf shrub Salix herbacea. Heredity. 113: 233–239.

Dawes, M. A., R. Zweifel, N. Dawes, C. Rixen, and F. Hagedorn (2014) CO2 Enrichment alters diurnal stem radius fluctuations of 36-year-old Larix decidua growing at the alpine treeline. New Phytologist. 202: 1237–1248.

Meijer zu Schlochtern M., Rixen C., Wipf S., Cornelissen J. (2014) Management, winter climate and plant-soil feedbacks on ski slopes: a synthesis. Ecological Research. DOI 10.1007/s11284

Elmendorf, S. C., G. H. R. Henry, R. D. Hollister, J. Alatalo, R. G. Bjoerk, A. D. Bjorkman, T. V. Callaghan, L. S. Collier, E. J. Cooper, J. H. C. Cornelissen, T. A. Day, A. M. Fosaa, W. A. Gould, J. Gretarsdottir, J. Harte, L. Hermanutz, D. S. Hik, A. Hofgaard, F. Jarrad, I. S. Jonsdottir, F. Keuper, K. Klanderud, J. A. Klein, S. Koh, G. Kudo, S. I. Lang, V. Loewen, J. L. May, J. Mercado, A. Michelsen, U. Molau, I. H. Myers-Smith, S. F. Oberbauer, S. Pieper, E. Post, C. Rixen, C. H. Robinson, N. M. Schmidt, G. R. Shaver, A. Stenstroem, A. Tolvanen, O. Totland, T. Troxler, C.-H. Wahren, M. D. Walker, P. J. Webber, J. M. Welker, and P. A. Wookey. 2014. Global assessment of experimental climate warming on tundra vegetation: heterogeneity over space and time (vol 15, pg 164, 2012). Ecology Letters 17:260-260.

Korup O. and Rixen, C. (2014) Soil Erosion and Organic Carbon Export by Wet Snow Avalanches. The Cryosphere 8, 651–658.

Anadon-Rosell A., Rixen C., Cherubini P., Wipf S., Hagedorn F., Dawes MA (2014) Growth and phenology of three dwarf shrub species in a six-year soil warming experiment at the alpine treeline. Plos ONE, Volume 9, Issue 6, e100577.

Cavieres, L. A., R. W. Brooker, B. J. Butterfield, B. J. Cook, Z. Kikvidze, C. J. Lortie, R. Michalet, F. I. Pugnaire, C. Schoeb, S. Xiao, F. Anthelme, R. G. Bjoerk, K. J. M. Dickinson, B. H. Cranston, R. Gavilan, A. Gutierrez-Giron, R. Kanka, J.-P. Maalouf, A. F. Mark, J. Noroozi, R. Parajuli, G. K. Phoenix, A. M. Reid, W. M. Ridenour, C. Rixen, S. Wipf, L. Zhao, A. Escudero, B. F. Zaitchik, E. Lingua, E. T. Aschehoug, and R. M. Callaway. 2013. Facilitative plant interactions and climate simultaneously drive alpine plant diversity. Ecology Letters 17:193-202.

Dawes, M. A., Hagedorn, F., Handa, I. T., Streit, K., Ekblad, A., Rixen, C., Körner, C., and Hättenschwiler, S. (2013) Alpine treelines in a CO2-rich world: synthesis of a nine year free air CO2 enrichment study. Oecologia, 171, 623-637.

B.J. Butterfield, L.A. Cavieres, R.M. Callaway, B.J. Cook, Z. Kikvidze, C.J. Lortie, R. Michalet, F.I. Pugnaire, C. Schöb, S. Xiao, F. Anthelme, R.G. Björk, K. Dickinson, R. Gavilán, R. Kanka, J.-P. Maalouf, J. Noroozi, R. Parajuli, G.K. Phoenix, A. Reid, W. Ridenour, C. Rixen, S. Wipf, L. Zhao, R.W. Brooker (2013) Alpine cushion plants inhibit the loss of phylogenetic diversity in severe environments. Ecology Letters. doi: 10.1111/ele.12070

Wipf, S., Stöckli, V., Herz, K. and Rixen, C. (2013). The oldest monitoring site of the Alps revisited: Accelerated increase in plant species richness on Piz Linard summit since 1835. Plant Ecology & Diversity 3-4, 447-455.

Cardinale, B. J., Fritschie, K., Gross, K., Flombaum, P., Fox, J., Rixen, C., van Ruijven, J., Reich, P., Scherer-Lorenzen, M. & Wilsey, B. J. (2013) Can the diversity of primary producers simultaneously increase the productivity and stability of ecosystems? A meta-analysis of 34 experiments. Ecology 94, 8, 1697-1707.

Moretti, M., F. De Bello, S. Ibanez, S. Fontana, B. G. Pezzatti, F. Dziock, C. Rixen, and S. Lavorel (2013) Linking traits between plants and herbivore invertebrates. Journal of Vegetation Science. 24 (2013) 949–962.

Oberbauer SF, Elmendorf SC, Troxler T, Hollister RD, Rocha A, Bret-Harte S, Fosaa AM, Høye TT, Henry GHR, Jarrad F., Jonsdottir IS, Klanderud K, Klein JA, Molau U, Rixen C, Schmidt NM, Shaver G, Slider R, Totland O, Wahren CH, Welker JM. (2013) Phenological responses of tundra plants to background climate warming tested using the International Tundra Experiment. Phil Trans R Soc B. 368: 20120481.

Matteodo Magalì, Wipf Sonja, Stöckli Veronika, Rixen Christian and Vittoz Pascal (2013) Elevation gradient of successful plant traits for colonizing alpine summits under climate change. Environmental Research Letters 8, 024043. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024043

Barbeito, I.; Brücker, R.L.; Rixen, C.; Bebi, P., 2013: Snow Fungi–Induced Mortality of Pinus cembra at the Alpine Treeline: Evidence from Plantations. Arct. Antarc. Alp. Res. 45, 4: 1-16.

Rixen C., Dawes M.A., Wipf S. & Hagedorn F. (2012). Evidence of enhanced freezing damage in treeline plants during six years of CO2 enrichment and soil warming. Oikos, 121, 1532-1543.

Elmendorf SC, Henry GHR, Hollister RD, Bjork RG, Boulanger-Lapointe N, Cooper E, Cornelissen JHC, Day TA, Dorrepaal E, Elumeeva TG, Gill M, Gould WA, Grétarsdóttir J, Harte J, Hik DA, Hofgaard A, Jarrad F, Johnson DR, Johnstone J, Jonsdottir IS, Jorgenson J, Klanderud K, Klein JA, Koh S, Kudo G, Lara M, Lévesque E, Magnússon B, May JL, Mercado J, Michelsen A, Molau U, Myers-Smith I, Oberbauer SF, Onipchenko VG, Rixen C, Schmidt NM, Shaver GR, Spasojevic MJ, Þórhallsdóttir óE, Tolvanen A, Troxler T, Tweedie CE, Wahren CH, Walker X, Webber PJ, Wipf S. 2012. Plot scale evidence of tundra vegetation change and links to recent summer warming.  Nature Climate Change. 2: 453-457. DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1465

Pohl M, Graf F, Buttler A, Rixen C. (2012) Does plant diversity profit from soil aggregate stability or vice versa? Plant and Soil. 355:87–102.

Barbeito, I., Dawes, M., Rixen, C., Senn, J. & Bebi, P. (2012) Factors driving survival and growth at treeline: a 30-year experiment of 92000 conifers. Ecology, 93, 389-401.

Elmendorf SC, Henry GHR, Hollister RD, Bjork RG, Bjorkman AJ, Callaghan TV, Cooper E, Cornelissen JHC, Day TA, Fosaa AM, Gould WA, Grétarsdóttir J, Harte J, Hermanutz L, Hik DA, Hofgaard A, Jarrad F, Jonsdottir IS, Keuper F, Klanderud K, Klein JA, Koh S, Kudo G, Lang S, Lowen V, May JL, Mercado J, Michelsen A, Molau U, Pieper S, Robinson CH, Siegart L, Myers-Smith I, Oberbauer SF, Post E, Rixen C, Schmidt NM, Shaver GR, Tolvanen A, Totland O, Troxler T, Wahren CH, Webber PJ, Welker JM, Wookey PA. 2012. Global assessment of simulated climate warming on tundra vegetation: Heterogeneity over space and time. Ecology Letters. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01716.x

Stöckli, V., S. Wipf, C. Nilsson, and C. Rixen (2011) 200 years of plant surveys on mountain summits: how to seize the treasure?  Plant Ecology & Diversity. 1, 2: 273-283

Rixen, C., M. Teich, C. Lardelli, D. Gallati, S. Kytzia, M. Pohl, M. Pütz, and P. Bebi (2011) Winter tourism, climate change and snow-making: an ecological and economical assessment. Mountain Research and Development, 31(3):229-236.

Dawes, M., S. Hättenschwiler, P. Bebi, F. Hagedorn, I. T. Handa, C. Körner, and C. Rixen (2011) Species-specific tree growth responses to nine years of CO2 enrichment at the alpine treeline. Journal of Ecology, 99, 383–394.

Kulakowski, D., Bebi, P. & Rixen, C. (2011) Landuse change, climate change and suppression of natural disturbance in mountain forest. Oikos, 120, 216-225.

Roux-Fouillet, P., Wipf, S. & Rixen, C. (2011) Long-term impacts of ski piste management on alpine vegetation and soils. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 906–915.

Dawes, M., Hagedorn, F., Zumbrunn, T., Handa, I. T., Hättenschwiler, S., Wipf, S. & Rixen, C. (2011) Growth and community responses of alpine dwarf shrubs to in situ CO2 enrichment and soil warming. New Phytologist, 191: 806–818.

Pohl M, Stroude R, Buttler A, and C. Rixen (2011) Functional traits in root systems of alpine plants Annals of Botany, 108, 537–545.

Pütz M, Gallati D, Kytzia S, Elsasser H, Lardelli C, Teich M, Rixen C. (2011) Winter tourism, climate change and snow-making: tourists’ attitudes and regional economic impacts. Mountain Research and Development. 31(4):357-362.

Myers-Smith I, Forbes BC, Wilmking M, Hallinger M, Lantz T, Blok D, Tape KD, Fauria MM, Saas-Klaassen U, Lévesque E, Boudreau S, Ropars P, Hermanutz L, Trant A, Collier LS, Weijers S, Rozema J, Rayback SA, Schmidt NM, Schaepman-Strub G, Wipf S, Rixen C, Ménard C, Venn S, Goetz S, Andreu-Hayles L, Elmendorf SC, Epstein HE, Welker J, Grogan P, Hik D. 2011. Shrub expansion in tundra ecosystems: dynamics, impacts and research priorities. Environmental Research Letters, 6. Article no 045509. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045509

Martin M, Gavazov K, Körner C, Hättenschwiler S, Rixen C. 2010. Reduced early growing season freezing resistance in alpine treeline plants under elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 16: 1057-1070. pdf

Rixen C, Schwoerer C, Wipf S. 2010. Winter climate change on different temporal scales in alpine dwarf shrubs. Polar Research, 29, 85-94.

Wipf S, Rixen C. 2010. Winter climate change in arctic and alpine ecosystems: a review of snow manipulation experiments. Polar Research, 29, 95-109.

Hagedorn, F., Martin, M., Rixen, C., Rusch, S., Bebi, P., Zürcher, A., Siegwolf, R., Wipf, S., Escape, C., Roy, J., & Hättenschwiler, S. 2010. Short-term responses of ecosystem carbon fluxes to experimental soil warming at the Swiss alpine treeline. Biogeochemistry, 97, 7-19. pdf

Rammig, A., T. Jonas, N. Zimmermann, Rixen, C. 2010. Changes in alpine plant growth under future climate conditions. Biogeosciences 7:2013–2024.

Martin C, Pohl M, Alewell C, Körner C, Rixen C. 2010. Interrill erosion at disturbed alpine sites: Effects of plant diversity and vegetation cover. Basic And Applied Ecology 11:619-626.

Rammig, A., Jonas, T., Zimmermann, N. E. & Rixen, C. (2010) Changes in alpine plant growth under future climate conditions (vol 7, pg 2013, 2010). Biogeosciences, 7, 2225-2225.

Pohl, M., Alig, D., Körner, C., & Rixen, C. 2009. Higher plant diversity enhances soil stability in disturbed alpine ecosystems. Plant and Soil 324: 91-102. pdf

Rammig, A., T. Jonas, N. Zimmermann, and C. Rixen. 2009. Alpine plant growth is expected to change under future climate conditions. Biogeosciences Discussions 6:10817-10847.

Rixen, C. & Mulder, C. P. H. (2009) Species removal and experimental warming in a subarctic tundra plant community. Oecologia, 161, 173-186. pdf

Bebi, P., Kulakowski, D., & Rixen, C. 2009. Snow avalanche disturbances in forest ecosystems – state of research and implications for management. Forest Ecology and Management 57, 1883-1892. pdf

Rixen, C., Freppaz, M., Stoeckli, V., Huovinen, C., Huovinen, K., and Wipf, S., 2008: Altered snow density and chemistry change soil nitrogen mineralization and plant growth. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40: 568-575. pdf

Jonas, T., Rixen, C., Sturm, M., and Stoeckli, V., 2008: How alpine plant growth is linked to snow cover and climate variability. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 113. pdf

Fontana, F., Rixen, C., Jonas, T., Aberegg, G. and Wunderle, S. (2008) Alpine Grassland Phenology as seen in AVHRR, VEGETATION, and MODIS NDVI Time Series - a Comparison with in Situ Measurements. Sensors 8: 2833-2853. pdf

Rixen, C., Huovinen, C., Huovinen, K., Stoeckli, V., Schmid, B., 2008. A plant diversity x water chemistry experiment in subalpine grassland. Persp. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 10: 51-61. pdf

Rixen, C., Haag, S., Kulakowski, D., Bebi, P., 2007. Natural avalanche disturbance shapes plant diversity and species composition in the subalpine forest belt. J. Veg. Sci. 18: 735-742. pdf

Wipf, S., Rixen, C. and C. P. H. Mulder. 2006. Advanced snowmelt causes shift towards positive neighbour interactions in a subarctic tundra community. Global Change Biology 12:1496-1506.

Kulakowski, D., Rixen, C., and P. Bebi. 2006. Changes in the relative importance of climatic stress as a result of supression of avalanche disturbance in the Swiss Alps. Forest Ecology and Management 223:66-74.

Rixen, C., and C. P. H. Mulder. 2005. Improved water retention links high species richness with increased productivity in arctic tundra moss communities. Oecologia 146:287-299.

Wipf S, Rixen, C., Fischer M, Schmid B, Stoeckli V (2005) Effects of ski piste preparation on alpine vegetation. Journal of Applied Ecology 42:306-316.

Rixen, C., W. Haeberli, and V. Stoeckli. 2004. Ground temperatures under ski pistes with artificial and natural snow. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 36:403-411.

Rixen, C., A. Casteller, F. H. Schweingruber, and V. Stoeckli. 2004. Age analysis helps to estimate plant performance on ski pistes. Botanica Helvetica 114:127-138.

Keller T, Pielmeier C, Rixen, C., Gadient F, Gustafsson D, Staehli M (2004) Impact of artificial snow and ski-slope grooming on snowpack properties and soil thermal regime in a sub-alpine ski area. Annals of Glaciology 38:314-318.

Rixen, C., Stöckli, V. & Ammann, W. (2003) Does artificial snow production affect soil and vegetation of ski pistes? A review. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 5(4)219-230.

Rixen, C., and S. Brugger. 2004. Naturgefahren - ein Motor der Biodiversität. Forum für Wissen:67-71.

Freppaz M, Rixen C., Stoeckli V, Scalenghe R & Zanini E (2003) Innevamento artificiale: additivi del manto nevoso e dinamica dell'azoto in suoli alpini. Bollettino della Società Italiana di Scienza del Suolo 52: 373-384.

Wipf, S., Rixen, C., Freppaz, M. & Stoeckli, V. (2002) Ski piste vegetation under artificial and natural snow: patterns in multivariate analysis. In: Interdisciplinary Mountain Research (eds. R. Bottarin & U. Tappeiner), Blackwell, Berlin, Wien, pp. 170-179.

Rixen, C., Stöckli, V., Huovinen, C. & Huovinen, K. (2001) The phenology of four subalpine herbs in relation to snow cover characteristics. Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer Schemes and Large-Scale Hydrological Models (Proceedings of a symposium held during the Sixth IAHS Assembly at Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 2001). IAHS Publ. No. 270, 2001, 359-362.

Stoeckli, V. & Rixen, C. (2000) Characteristics of artificial snow and its effect on vegetation. Conference Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop (Big Sky, Montana, USA, 1–6 October 2000) (ed. by K. Birkeland, E. Adams & F. Johnson). American Avalanche Association, Bozeman USA, 468-471.

Rixen, C. & Trepel, M. (2000) The impact of wetland restoration on the fen vegetation of Lake Hohn, northern Germany. Proceedings IAVS Symposium, pp. 298-301. IAVS, Opulus Press Uppsala, Sweden.


B. Books and book chapters

Peter Bebi, Perry Bartelt, Christian Rixen (in prep). Lawinen und andere Schneebewegungen. In: Störungsökologie (eds. Wohlgemuth T. et al.).

Christian Rixen, Sonja Wipf (in prep.). Non-equilibrium in alpine plant assemblages: shifts in summit flora. In: High mountains in a changing world. Challenges for conservation (eds.: Jordi Catalan, Josep Mª Ninot, Mercè Aniz).

Rixen, C. and Freppaz, M. (2015) Winter sports: the influence of ski piste construction and management on soil and plant characteristics. pp 81-83. Editor: FAO "Understanding Mountain Soils - A contribution from mountain areas to the International Year of Soils 2015 ".

Markus Fischer, Florian Altermatt, Raphaël Arlettaz,Béla Bartha, Bruno Baur, Ariel Bergamini, Louis Félix Bersier,Simon Birrer,Veronika Braunisch, Peter Dollinger, Stefan Eggenberg, Antoine Guisan, Jodok Guntern, Heinz Gutscher, Felix Herzog, Jean Yves Humbert, Markus Jenny, Gregor Klaus, Christian Körner, Hubert Krättli, Meinrad Küchler, Thibault Lachat, Catherine Lambelet, Yves Leuzinger, Peter Linder, Edward A.D. Mitchell, Gilberto Pasinelli, Daniela Pauli, Lukas Pfiffner, Christophe Praz, Christian Rixen, Alex Rübel, Urs Schaffner, Christoph Scheidegger, Hans Schmid, Norbert Schnyder, Jürg Stöcklin, Thomas Walter, Silvia Zumbach (2015). Zustand der Biodiversität in der Schweiz 2014. Hrsg.: Forum Biodiversität Schweiz et al.,

Rixen C & Huovinen C. (2013) Schnee als Lebensraum. in: Schnee. SLF

Rhyner H, Jonas T, Rixen C, Marty C. (2013) Schnee als Ressource. in: Schnee. SLF

Marty C, Rixen C, Phillips M. (2013) Schnee und Klima. in: Schnee. SLF

Wipf, S., C. Rixen, and V. Stöckli. 2013. Schiblers Spuren in der Forschung von heute. Pages 36-38 in H. Berger, editor. Auf den Spuren eines fast vergessenen Botanikers, Zürich.

Rixen C. & A. Rolando (eds.) (2013) The impacts of skiing on mountain environments. Bentham e-book.

Rixen, C. (2013) Skiing and vegetation. - In: Rixen, C. and Rolando, A. (eds.), The impacts of skiing on mountain environments. Bentham.

Klaus G, Ingold P, Baur B, Birrer S, Graf R, Müller H, Rixen C. 2010. Tourisme et loisirs. Pages 298-322 in T. Lachat, D. Pauli, Y. Gonseth, G. Klaus, C. Scheidegger, P. Vittoz, and T. Walter, editors. Evolution de la biodiversité en Suisse depuis 1900. Zürich, Bristol-Stiftung; Bern, Stuttgart, Wien, Haupt, Zürich, Bern, Stuttgart, Wien.

Klaus G, Ingold P, Baur B, Birrer S, Graf R, Müller H, & Rixen, C. (2010) Tourismus und Biodiversität. Der Wandel der Biodiversität in der Schweiz seit 1900. Haben wir das 2010-Ziel erreicht? (ed F. B. Schweiz), in prep. Haupt Verlag, Bern.

Krautzer B, Wittmann H, Peratoner G, Graiss W, Partl C, Parente G, Venerus S, Rixen, C., Streit M. 2006. Site-specific high zone restoration in the alpine region - the current technological development. Federal Research and Education Centre (HBLFA) Raumberg-Gumpenstein, Irdning

Rixen, C. 2002. Artificial snow and snow additives on ski pistes: interactions between snow cover, soil and vegetation. PhD thesis. University of Zurich.


C. Other publications

Manuel Schneider, Daniel Suter, Bertil Krüsi, Christian Rixen (in prep) Begrünung in Hochlagen: Empfehlungen für die Wiederanlage landwirtschaftlich genutzter Flächen in hohen Lagen. AGFF Merkblatt 15.

Schmid, T., Rixen C. (2016) Begrünung in hohen Lagen. Der Gartenbau. 25, 2-3.

Malin, R., Rixen, C. 2016. Vegetation, Oberflächenerosion und Aggregatstabilität auf alpinen Weiden. Ingenieurbiologie 3: 20-24.

Rixen, C. (2016) Biodiversität und Bodenstabilität. N + L Inside. p19.

Rixen, C. (2015): Switzerland is taking part in the InternationalTundra Experiments ITEX. In: Swiss polar research: Pioneering spirit, passion and excellence. Editor:
Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA, Bern, 30-31.

Rixen, C. (2015): Schweiz ist Teil des Internationalen Tundra Experiments ITEX. In: Schweizer Polarforschung: Pioniergeist, Leidenschaft und Spitzenleistungen. Hrsg: Eidgenössisches Departement für auswärtige Angelegenheiten EDA, Bern, 30-31.

Rixen, C. (2015): La Suisse participe à l'expérience internationale sur la toundra (ITEX). In: Recherche polaire suisse:  Esprit pionnier, passion et excellence scientifique. Edition: Département fédéral des affaires étrangères (DFAE), Bern, 30-31.

Rixen, C. (2015): La Svizzera partecipa all'esperimento internationale tundra (ITEX). In: Ricerca polare svizzera: Spirito pioneristico, passione e risultati di punta. Editore:
Dipartimento federale degli affari esteri DFAE, Bern, 30-31.

Rixen, C. (2013): Begrünerpreis 2013 für Begrünungen an der Strasse am Julierpass und im Skigebiet Zermatt. Ingenieurbiologie 3/13, 3-5. 

Rixen, C. (2013): Prix de végétalisation 2013 pur les végétalisations sur la route du col du Julier et dans le domaine skiable de Zermatt. Ingenieurbiologie 3/13, 3-5.

Rixen, C. (2013): Premio rinverdimento 2013 per in progetti sulla strada del passo dello Julier e nella regione sciistica di Zermatt. Ingenieurbiologie 3/13, 3-5.

Frei, E.R.; Stöckli, V.; Rixen, C.; Wipf, S. (eds) 2013: Faster, Higher, More? Past, Present and Future Dynamics of Alpine and Arctic Flora under Climate Change. Abstracts. International conference, September 22 to 25, 2013 Bergün, Switzerland. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL. Available online <> Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL.

Frei, E.R.; Hollister R.D.; Klanderud K.; Rixen, C. (eds) 2013: International Tundra Experiment ITEX - More than 20 years of tundra vegetation change research. Abstracts. International conference, September 17 to 20, 2013 Bergün, Switzerland. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL. Available online <>; Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL.

Rixen, C. 2013. Ökosystemleistungen - Biodiversität und Bodenstabilität. Hotspot 27:9.

Rixen, C. 2013. Services écosystémiques - Biodiversité et stabilité du sol. Hotspot 27:9.

Wipf, S., C. Rixen, and V. Stöckli (2013) Veränderung der Gipfelfloren in der Nationalparkregion. Cratschla 2/13, 12-13.

Rixen C. 2012. Avalanches create habitats. Integrate Project News. Vol 2. European Forest Institute.

Rixen C. 2012. Book review: Zwei Alpentäler im Klimawandel. Mountain Research and Development, 32, 256.

Rixen C. 2012. Book review: Glaziale und periglaziale Lebensräume im Raum Obergurgl. Mountain Research and Development, 32, 257.

Rixen C. 2011. Lawinen schaffen Lebensraum. Cratschla 2:7.

Rixen C. 2011. Skiing and alpine vegetation. Pages 49-58 in Sviluppo socio-economico delle Alpi nel terzo millenio: una minaccia per le risorse naturali? Università degli Studi di Padova, Centro Studi per l'Ambiente Alpino.

Rixen C. 2011. Winter tourism and climate change: impacts on alpine vegetation and resource use. Pages 37-46 in Sviluppo socio-economico delle Alpi nel terzo millenio: una minaccia per le risorse naturali? Università degli Studi di Padova, Centro Studi per l'Ambiente Alpino.

Stoeckli, V., S. Wipf, Rixen, C. 2010. Bergankunft. Dandy Magazine: p. 40-41.

Rixen, C. 2010. Artificial snow and ski slopes: an environmental perspective. -- Kunstschnee und Skipisten aus ökologischer Sicht. FIS-Bulletin:156-158.

Buttler, A., F. Hagedorn, M. Martin, Rixen, C. 2009. CO2 Verluste aus wärmeren Böden. WSL-Jahresbericht: p. 20-21.

Rixen, C. & Müller, U. 2009. Hochlagenbegrünung: Nachhaltige Begrünung oberhalb der Waldgrenze nicht möglich? Ingenierbiologie 4. 50-53. pdf

Bebi, P., Hagedorn, F., Rixen, C., Senn, J., & Wasem, U. 2009. Forschung am Stillberg vor 25 Jahren und heute. Informationsblatt Wald 25, 5-7. pdf

Bebi, P., Hagedorn, F., Rixen, C., Senn, J. and Wasem, U. (2009) Long term treeline research Stillberg – Can we still see the forest for the trees? Forum for knowledge: 87-92. pdf in German

Rixen, C. & Streit, M. 2009. Richtlinien Hochlagenbegrünung - Präsentation am Begrünertag 2008 und Vergabe des 1. Begrünerpreises in Elm. Ingenieurbiologie, 22-23. pdf

Locher Oberholzer, N., Streit, M., Frei, M., Andrey, C., Blaser, R., Meyer, J., Müller, U., Reidy, B., Schutz, M., Schwager, M., Stoll, M., Wyttenbach, M., and Rixen, C., 2008b: Richtlinien Hochlagenbegrünung. Ingenierbiologie, 2: 3-33.

Locher Oberholzer, N., Streit, M., Frei, M., Andrey, C., Blaser, R., Meyer, J., Müller, U., Reidy, B., Schutz, M., Schwager, M., Stoll, M., Wyttenbach, M., and Rixen, C., 2008a: Richtlinien Hochlagenbegrünung. Kurzfassung für die Baustelle. Ingenierbiologie, 2.

Rixen C., 2008. Klimawandel und Wintertourismus. Natur und Landschaft1/2008. 22-26. pdf

Rixen, C. 2007. Böschungssicherung und -Begrünung - Editorial. Ingenieurbiologie, 4, 3-4.

Teich, M., Lardelli, C., Bebi, P., Gallati, D., Kytzia, S., Pohl, M., Pütz, M. & Rixen, C. (2007) Klimawandel und Wintertourismus: Ökonomische und ökologische Auswirkungen von technischer Beschneiung. Eidg. Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft WSL, Birmensdorf:169. pdf

Schwörer C, Rhyner H, Rixen C, Schneebeli M, Iten B (2007) Chemische Pistenpräparation – Grundlagenbericht.69 pp. See also the fact sheet snow hardeners:The use of snow hardeners for operators of race and promoters of snow competitions. Available in four languages:

Rixen C, Wipf S (2007) Buchbesprechung "Flora Vegetativa. Ein Bestimmungsbuch für Pflanzen der Schweiz im blütenlosen Zustand. Botanica Helvetica 117:209-210

Fontana F, Rixen C, Jonas. T, Aberegg G, Wunderle S (2007) Relationship between AVHRR NDVI Time Series and Single Point Vegetation Measurements from an Automated Climate Station Network in the Swiss Alps. In: 32nd International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, San José, Costa Rica

Radelow B, Rixen C (2006) Das grosse Halospektakel von Davos. Davoser Revue 81:37-39

Rixen, C. 2006. Lawinen erhöhen Habitat- und Pflanzendiversität in subalpinem Fichtenwald. Newsletter Naturgefahren 3:5-6.

Rixen, C. 2006. Buchrezension "Kunstschnee und Umwelt" von U. Pröbstl. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen

Radelow, B. & Rixen, C. (2006) Das grosse Halospektakel von Davos. Davoser Revue, 81, 37-39.

Rixen, C. 2005. Lebt da was in der Schneedecke? Newsletter Naturgefahren, September 2005, pp. 1-3.

Rixen, C., Kulakowski D, Bebi P 2005. Changes in the relative importance of climatic stress as a result of supression of avalanche disturbance in the Swiss Alps. Proceedings of the GfOE 35.

Rixen, C., and C. P. H. Mulder. 2004. Improved water retention links high species richness with increased productivity in arctic tundra moss communities. Proceedings of the GfOE 34.

Rixen, C. (2004) Kunstschnee - unser Standpunkt. In Newsletter Naturgefahren, Vol. 3, pp. 2.

Rixen, C., Wipf, S., & Stoeckli, V. (2002). Kunstschnee und Schneezusätze: Eigenschaften und Wirkungen auf Vegetation und Boden in alpinen Skigebieten. Zusammenfassung eines Forschungsprojektes am Eidg. Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung SLF, Davos.

Rixen, C. (2001) Kunstschnee – wie reagiert die Umwelt? In: Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL (Hrsg.) 2001: Das Jahr 2000. – Jahresbericht der Eidgenössischen Forschungsanstalt WSL, 36.

Rixen, C. & Stoeckli, V. (2001) Kunstschnee – wie reagiert die Umwelt? Skipisten unter der Lupe. In: Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL (Ed.) Das Jahr 2000. Jahresbericht der Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL, Birmensdorf, 11.

Stöckli, V., Rixen, C. & Wipf, S. (2002) Sommer im Skigebiet: Von Skipisten, Kunstschnee und Vegetation. In: Frehner (Eds.) Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung SLF, Davos, S. 17.

Stoeckli, V., Rixen, C., & Wipf, S. (2002) Pistes de ski et neige de culture: caractéristiques et impacts sur la végétation. Niveau neige, 41, 34-35.

Rixen, C. (2001) Wiesenseggen-Rieder (Caricetum nigrae) am Hohner See: Standortsbedingungen und Artenzusammensetzung. Die Heimat 108(11/12 Themenheft Niedermoore), 214-223.

Stoeckli V, Rixen, C., Kulakowski D, Bebi P (2005) Snow avalanches crossing altitudinal belts: A factor for maintaining mountain biodiversity? In: GLOCHAMORE workshop., pp 61-62

Rixen, C. & Mulder CPH (2003) Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Testing the insurance hypothesis in moss communities. In Uplands to Lowlands: Coastal Processes in a Time of Global Change., 88th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America. August 3-8, 2003, Savannah, Georgia. 283.

Rixen, C., & B. Schmid. (2002) Plant diversity x snow chemistry in an experimental sub-alpine grassland community. 87th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America in Tucson, AZ, Tucson.

Rixen, C. & Stoeckli, V. (2002) Ski pistes with artificial and natural snow: temperature and snowmelt. ICE – News Bulletin of the International Glaciological Society, 128, 11.

Wipf, S., Rixen, C., & Stoeckli, V. (2002) Ski pistes with artificial and natural snow: vegetation reactions. ICE – News Bulletin of the International Glaciological Society, 128, 11.

Stöckli, V., Rixen, C., Huovinen, Ch, Huovinen, K., Ammann, W. (2000) Vegetation and soil related to physical and chemical properties of artificial snowcover. ICE – News Bulletin of the International Glaciological Society 122(1), 6.


D. Related publications of colleagues

Huovinen, C. (2004) Kunstschnee - was steckt dahinter? In Newsletter Naturgefahren, Vol. 3, pp. 1.

Fauve, M., Rhyner, H., & Schneebeli, M. (2002) Pistenpräparation und Pistenpflege - Das Handbuch für den Praktiker. Eidgenössisches Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung, SLF.

Order other SLF publications:


E. (Historical) Poster

Fontana, F., Rixen, C., Jonas, T., Aberegg, G., & Wunderle, S. (2007) Poster: Comparison of a remote sensing NDVI time series with ground based measurements from the automated climate station network IMIS. In ISPMSRS07, Davos. Large pdf (10 MB), Small pdf (2.9 MB).

Rixen, C., Haag, S., Kulakowski, D., & Bebi, P. (2007) Importance of Processes in Maintaining Biodiversity: Avalanches in the Alps. In Biology 07, Zurich, Switzerland.

Wipf, S., Rixen, C. & Bebi, P. (2006) Winter climate change: How do alpine tundra plants respond to reduced snow depth and advanced snowmelt? (PDF, 69 KB) Poster presented at the ESSP Open Science Conference on Global Change, 9-12 Nov 2006 in Beijing, China.

Wipf, S., Mulder, C.P.H., Rixen, C. (2005) Winter climate matters! The reaction of tundra plants to snow manipulations (PDF, 0.6 MB) Poster presented at the 6th Swiss Global Change Day, 7 Apr 2005 in Bern, CH.

Rixen, C. & Mulder, C.P.H. (2005) Biodiversity matters in a changing climate: lessons from arctic tundra communities. In Swiss Global Change Day, Bern, Switzerland.

Wipf, S., Rixen, C. & Stoeckli, V. (2001) Artificial snow on alpine ski pistes: How does the vegetation react to the changed environment? (PDF, 490 KB) Poster presented at the GfOe 2001, 27-31 Aug 2001 in Basel.