Carpinus orientalis Mill.

Betulaceae


Morphology

P 3-10 m

Ecology

hill and mountain

Chorology

E-European W-Asian

Xylem

Distinct rings, diffuse porous, vessels 30-70 ┬Ám in diameter, vessels in radial multiples, simple perforations, with thin helical thickenings, fibers thin to thick walled, fibers with small pits, parenchyma apotracheal-diffuse in uniseriate tangential rows, aggregate rays, rays homocellular, and heterocellular with one row of square marginal cells, rays1-3 seriate, with aggregate rays, with large prismatic crystals.

Xylem-Code

See annex

Phloem

slide missing

Explanations

For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics.

Cross section
 

© 2005 WSL - F. Schweingruber, W. Landolt, last update 18.11.2010