Berberis vulgaris L.

Berberidaceae


Morphology

shrub, 1-2m

Ecology

hill and mountain zone, medium site

Chorology

S-Europ. W-Asian

Xylem

Distinct rings, semi-ring porous, vessels in groups, simple perforations, fine spiral thickenings, earlywood vessel diameter 50 - 100┬Ám, fibers thin to thick-walled, few fiber tracheids, rare apotracheal and paratracheal parenchyma, ray width 4-10 cell, all ray cells prostrate, ray height >1mm, crystals absent.

Xylem-Code

See annex

Phloem

Tangential layers of collapsed sieve cells, irregular groups of sclerenchymatic groups (sometimes missing), annual? tangential cracks, distinct ray dilatations, groups of sclereids in cortex, uniform cortex. With tangential rows of prismatic crystals.

Explanations

For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics.

Cross section
      
Radial section
 
Bark
    

© 2005 WSL - F. Schweingruber, W. Landolt, last update 18.11.2010