WSL Monoplotting-Tool - Reconstructing the landscape dynamic using historical pictures.
Developed in the first half of the nineteenth century, photograhy soon became a very effective method of documenting landscape features and dynamics. As a result, many large collections of old photographs in public or private archives exist, representing an enormous resource for the study of landscape evolution and land use change. Unfortunately, on account of the difficulties in obtaining quantitative geographical data from single oblique pictures, this resource long remained unexploited by most researchers in historical geography. In fact, reconstructions of landscape history are often based on the analysis of old maps or aerial photographs.
In recent times, the general increase in computing power, the improvements in digital elevation models (DEM), as well as the implementation of user-friendly and versatile releases of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have opened new perspectives for a broad use of single terrestrial oblique pictures for photogrammetric purposes. Monophotogrammetry or monoplotting, mono-photogrammetry or monoplotting represents a photogrammetric system where single oblique and unrectified photographd or aerial (nadir) images are related to the digital elevation models (DEM) of the corresponding real world. In practical terms the camera, the picture and the DEM are related to each other so that a line from the camera center and passing through a selected point in the picture plane, will intersect the land surface (DEM) in the corresponding real point.
At the WSL in Bellinzona we started developing a new monoplotting interface with the aim of offering an intuitive platform for georeferencing and orthorectifying ordinary individual photographs in order to produce georeferenced vector data by drawing them directly on the pictures and exchanging them with traditional GIS-Systems. Resulting polygons may be visualized both on terrestrial pictures or orthophotos and maps. Similarly, present geographical elements can be projected on historical pictures.
Rio de Janeiro started a photo documentation project on its development over the last 150 years. To elaborate transitions from historic photographs, it is applying a method developed at WSL in Cadenazzo.