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Developing a GIS-based forecast model of inhabitants’ nearby outdoor recreation use


The goal of this project was to further develop and refine a pilot  model of nearby outdoor recreation use of the region of Frauenfeld and extend its validity to Swiss peri-urban regions of Switzerland. This improved model should be able to make robust forcasts in terms of which near to nature areas around a city or town  the local inhabitants preferably use in  their leisure time for outdoor recreation, which activities they pursue there and which personal needs they want to satisfy with these activities.

This forcast model is based on empirical data recorded through standardised surveys in the Swiss cities of Frauenfeld, St. Gallen, Langenthal, Delémont and Bellinzona.

The results of this study contribute in two respects to the landscape management of peri-urban regions: on the one hand in terms of providing the spatial determinants for an optimal nearby outdoor recreation service, and on the other hand to establish a basis to compensate additional expenditures for recreation functions of forests or agricultural lands.


  • Buchecker, M., B. Degenhardt und F. Kienast. 2012. “Was für Muster finden sich im Naherholungsverhalten der Schweizer? Grundlagen für ein Stiefkind der Planung.” Informationsblatt Landschaft 86: 1-5.
  • Buchecker, M, F. Kienast, B. Degenhardt, S. Widmer und M. Moritzi. In print. “Naherholung räumlich erfassen.” WSL-Merkblatt für die Praxis 51: 1-8.
  • Degenhardt, B., F. Kienast, M. Buchecker. 2010. „Einflussfaktoren des Naherholungsverhaltens im periurbanen Raum.“ Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 161: 75–80.
  • Degenhardt, B., Frick, J., Gutscher, H. and Buchecker, M., 2011. “Influence of personal, social, and environmental factors on workday use frequency of the nearby outdoor recreation areas by working people.“ Leisure Sciences, 33:5, 420-440.
  • Degenhardt, B. and Buchecker, M., 2012. „Exploring the self-regulation in nearby nature. Determinants, patterns and a framework of nearby outdoor recreation behaviour.” Leisure Sciences 34: 350-369.
  • Irngartiner, Ch., B. Degenhardt, M. Buchecker. 2010. „Naherholungsverhalten und –ansprüche in Schweizer Agglomerationen. Ergebnisse einer Befragung der St. Galler Bevölkerung 2009“ [published online December 2010]. Birmensdorf: Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL. 55 S.
  • Kienast, F., B. Degenhardt, B. Weilenmann, Y. Wager, and M. Buchecker. 2012. "GIS-assisted mapping of landscape suitability for nearby recreation." Landscape and Urban Planning 105(4):385-99.

Project Team