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Microwave Remote Sensing during MOSAiC Expedition


Sea ice plays a crucial role in the Earth's climate and temperature stabilization system. By greatly increasing the amount of energy reflected back to space, compared to open water, sea ice extent directly impacts the energy balance of our planet.Satellite microwave remote sensing is one of the most effective ways"and the only way in case of remote regions of the Arctic ocean" to monitor sea ice. In this project, Reza Naderpour performs measurements and research on the in-situ characterization and remote sensing of sea ice during Leg III of the MOSAiC expedition. His research, is crucial for developing more accurate and comprehensive methods for the satellite remote sensing of sea ice properties such as sea ice extent and thickness as well as snow cover proprietress. For this purpose, microwave radars and radiometers are used for close-range remote sensing of sea ice at frequencies ranging from 1 GHz to 40 GHz.