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Needle and shoot diseases of pine

Anno di pubblicazione
WSL: fact sheet 70
12 pagine

Dubach, V.; Queloz, V.; Stroheker, S., 2022: Needle and shoot diseases of pine. WSL: fact sheet, 70. 12 p.


Brief summary

Pine trees are an integral part of the forest landscape across Switzerland. In recent years, they have come under increasing pressure, not least due to new fungal diseases that have been introduced from abroad. Needle and shoot diseases play a major role for pine health.

The Swiss Forest Protection Group has been documenting diseases affecting Swiss tree species since 1984. When the appearance (habitus) of an infested pine changes, the tree attracts attention. Needle and shoot diseases are clearly visible and thus easily change the appearance of the tree. Pines in particular are susceptible to many such diseases, also in comparison with other conifers such as Norway spruce (Picea abies) and silver fir (Abies alba).

This Fact sheet draws on the wealth of information gathered by the Swiss Forest Protection Group since 1984, and presents the pathogens of the most common needle and shoot diseases of pine trees in Switzerland. Physiological needle blight (also known as physiological needle cast), which is often confused with disease and therefore reported to the Swiss Forest Protection Group, is a natural process of needle ageing – a process undergone by all needles as time goes by. As it is not a disease, it does not appear in the list. However, it is described further on in the Fact sheet.


Portraits of needle and shoot diseases of pines

  • Lophodermium needle cast (L. seditiosum und L. pinastri)
  • Brown spot needle blight (Leca­nosticta acicola)
  • Red band needle blight (Dothistroma spp.)
  • Diplodia pine tip/shoot blight (Diplodia sapinea)
  • Cenangium dieback (Cenangium ferruginosum)
  • Scleroderris dieback / Brunchorstia dieback (Gremeniella abietina)
  • Snow blight (Gremmenia infes­tans)
  • Pine blister rust (Cronartium pini)
  • Black snow mould (Herpotrichia pi­netorum)
  • Cyclaneusma needle cast (Cyclaneusma minus)
  • Sydowia dieback of pine (Lophodermella sulcigena)
  • Sydowia dieback of pine (Sydowia polyspora)
  • Pine needle rust (Coleosporium tussilaginis)

Further information