Fischer R, Mues V, Ulrich E, Becher G, Lorenz M (2007) Monitoring of atmospheric deposition in European forests and an overview on its implication on forest condition. Applied Geochemistry, 22 (6): 1129-1139. [10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.03.004]



Forest conditions in Europe have been monitored over 20 years jointly by the International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) and the European Union (EU). Maps for mean bulk SO4, NO3 and NH4 deposition at around 400 intensive monitoring plots in the years 1999-2001, as well as time trends for the period 1996-2001, are presented. Mean bulk SO4 deposition at 169 plots mostly located in central Europe decreased from 7.4 to 5.8 kgS ha(-1) a(-1). Mean NH4 bulk deposition decreased from 6.2 to 5.3 kgN ha(-1) a(-1). Nitrate bulk deposition fluctuated around 5 kgN ha(-1) a(-1). On average, throughfall deposition was considerably higher than bulk deposition. Time trends for mean tree crown defoliation as an overall indicator for forest condition show a peak in the mid 1990s for most of the monitored main tree species and a recent increase for the years 2003 and 2004. Multivariate linear regression analyses show some significant relations between deposition and defoliation. These relations depend on the tree species and site characteristics. Effects of deposition are moderated by the influence of biotic stress factors such as insects and fungi and by abiotic stress factors, such as weather. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

LWF Classification

Network: LWF, Category: ISI,