Dr. Rafael Ramirez Eudave

Dr. Rafael Ramirez Eudave




Dynamique du paysage

Systèmes d'utilisation du territoire


Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL
Zürcherstrasse 111
8903 Birmensdorf


WSL Birmensdorf Bi HL E 40

Research Interests

  • Conservation of Cultural Heritage
  • Seismic risk assessment in historical cities
  • Machine-Learning vulnerability models
  • Remote Sensing and GIS management tools


PhD in Civil Engineering

University of Minho, Portugal


Master in Heritage and Project

University of Basilicata, Italy


Master in Structural Analysis of Monuments and Historical Constructions

University of Minho, Portugal


Bachelor in architecture

National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico


Work Experience

Postdoc at Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Land-use Systems Group, Switzerland

2024 - present

Structural consultant at Grupo Tares (Taller de Arquitectura y Restauración), Mexico


Designer Architect at TO - Amozurrutia + Facio, Mexico


Catalogue Auxiliar at Mexican National Coordination of Historical Monuments, Mexico


Design assistant at ARQ Studio, Mexico


Fellowships and Awards

PhD Grant from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Analysis and Mitigation of Risk in Infrastructures (INFRARISK) project.


Master Grant in the Erasmus Euro-Latin America partnership in natural Risk mitigation and protection of the Cultural Heritage (ELARCH) project


Diploma for achieving one of the top three grades of the 2011-2015 generation of Architecture.


UNAM - DGECI Academic Exchange grant at the University CEU San Pablo (Madrid, Spain)


Bernardo Quintana Arrioja medal for Academic Excellence (National Polytechnic Institute)


Other Activities

  • Member of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS Portugal).
  • Member of the International Scientific Committee on the Analysis and Restoration of Structures of Architectural Heritage.
  • Member of the European Students’ Association for Cultural Heritage.


Ramírez Eudave, R. and Ferreira, T. M. (2024). Empirical evidence-based semantic models for Seismic Vulnerability Assessments of masonry Historical Buildings: lessons from Mexican experiences (in Spanish). Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos sobre Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres. https://doi.org/10.55467/reder.v8i1.142.

Bernardini, G.; Ferreira, T. M.; Baquedano, P.; Ramírez Eudave, R.; Quagliarini, E. (2023) Assessing the spatiotemporal impact of users’ exposure and vulnerability to flood risk in urban built environments. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2023.105043.

Urbina Leal, O.; Fekete, A.; Ramírez Eudave, R.; Matos, J. C.; Sousa, H. and Teixeira, E. (2023). A Systematic Review of Integrated Frameworks for Resilience and Sustainability Assessments for Critical Infrastructures. Structural Engineering International, https://doi.org/10.1080/10168664.2023.2265965.

Ramírez Eudave, R. and Ferreira, T. M. (2023). The Functional Schematisation of the City as a Model for Anticipating Post-event Scenarios for Volcanic Hazards. In Advances in Natural Hazards and Volcanic Risks: Shaping a Sustainable Future. Malheiro, A.; Fernandes, F. and Chaminé, H. I., editors. Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-25042-2_22.

Ramírez Eudave, R.; Rodrigues, D.; Ferreira, T.M. and Vicente, R. (2023). Implementing Open-Source Information Systems for Assessing and Managing the Seismic Vulnerability of Historical Constructions. Buildings, 13(2), 540. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13020540.

Ramírez Eudave, R.; Ferreira, T. M.; Vicente, R.; Lourenço, P. B. and Peña, F. (2023). Parametric and Machine Learning-Based Analysis of the Seismic Vulnerability of Adobe Historical Buildings Damaged After the September 2017 Mexico Earthquakes. International Journal of Architectural Heritage. https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2023.2200739.

Ramírez Eudave, R.; Ferreira, T. M.; Lourenço, P. B., Peña, F and Chávez, M. (2023). Mechanical characterisation of adobe samples from the state of Morelos, Mexico. Construction Materials. https://doi.org/10.1680/jcoma.23.00021.

Ramírez Eudave, R.; Silva, R.; Pereira, E. and Romanazzi, A. (2022). Early-age shrinkage and bond of LC-TRM strengthening in rammed earth. Construction and Building Materials, 350, 128809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.128809.

Ramírez Eudave R.; Ferreira, T. M. and Vicente, R. (2022). Parameter-based seismic vulnerability assessment of Mexican historical buildings: Insights, suitability, and uncertainty treatment. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 74, 102909. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.102909.

Ferreira, T. M. and Ramírez Eudave, R. (2022). Assessing and Managing Risk in Historic Urban Areas: Current Trends and Future Research Directions. Frontiers in Earth Science, 10, 847959. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2022.847959.

Columbro, C.; Ramírez Eudave, R.; Ferreira, T.M.; Lourenço, P.B. and Fabbrocino, G. (2022). On the Use of Web Mapping Platforms to Support the Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Old Urban Areas. Remote Sensing, 14(6), 1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14061424.

Ramírez Eudave, R. and Ferreira, T. M. (2021). On the potential of using the Mexican National Catalogue of Historical Monuments for assessing the seismic vulnerability of existing buildings: a proof-of-concept study. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 19, 4945-4978. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01154-5.

Ramírez Eudave, R. and Ferreira, T. M. (2021). Characterisation of the Historic Urban Landscape through the Aristotelian Four Causes: Towards Comprehensive GIS Databases. Remote Sensing, 13(10), 1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101879.

Ramírez Eudave, R. and Ferreira, T. M. (2021). Towards a Semi-Quantitative Approach for Assessing Evacuation Scenarios in the Context of Popocatépetl Volcano, México - The Case of San Pedro Tlalmimilulpan. GeoHazards, 2(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards2010001.

Ramírez Eudave, R. and Ferreira, T. M. (2021). On the suitability of a unified GIS-BIM-HBIM framework for cataloguing and assessing vulnerability in Historic Urban Landscapes: a critical review. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 35(10), 2047-2077. https://doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2020.1844208.

Ramírez Eudave, R.; D’Amato, M. and Andrisani, G. (2021). The rupestrian church of San Pietro da Morrone (Matera, Italy): insights and photogrammetric-based characterisation. Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage, 21 (2) 259-278. https://doi.org/10.48255/1973-9494.JCSCH.21.2021.12.

Ramírez Eudave, R. and Miguel Ferreira, T. M. (2021). Proposal for a suitable workflow for assessing the seismic vulnerability of historical buildings. Atlixco (Puebla, México) as a case study. 1st Croatian Conference on Earthquake Engineering CroCEE. https://doi.org/10.5592/CO/1CroCEE.2021.22.

Baquedano, J.; Ramírez, R.; Navia, F., Graus, S. (2021). Traditional Earth Construction in Latin America: A review on the construction systems and reinforcement strategies. In Masonry Construction in Active Seismic Regions. Rupakhety, R; Gautam D., ed. Elsevier, Woodhead Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-821087-1.00011-9.

Ramírez Eudave, R.; Rodrigues, H.; Ferreira, T. M. (2021). Building survey and characterization techniques at different scales. In Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Civil Engineering Structures at Multiple Scales: From Single Buildings to Large-Scale Assessment. Ferreira, T. M. and Rodrigues, H., editors. Elsevier, Woodhead Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824071-7.00012-3.

Granda S.; Lopez, S.; Navia, F.; Ramirez, E.; Ramirez, R.; Ramos, L. F.; Mendes, N. (2019). Diagnosis and Structural Assessment of the Fortress and Convent of Ínsua de São Isidro. In RILEM Bookseries (Vol. 18, pp. 2386–2394). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99441-3_256.