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Dr. Elisabeth Graf Pannatier

 

Function

Fachspezialistin

  

Stab Direktion

Deputy Director

  

Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL
Zürcherstrasse 111
8903 Birmensdorf

Site

Birmensdorf Bi HV G 10

 

My research interests

Water quality in forest soils

Soil water is essential for the nutrition and the transpiration of trees. It is also important for humans, since groundwater coming from forested areas is usually of good quality and is used as drinking water. However, the atmospheric deposition of acidifying substances and of nitrogen compounds coming from human activities represent potential stress factors for forest ecosystems and large excess of nitrate in the infiltrating water might threaten the groundwater quality.

The main questions that are keeping me busy are:

  • What are the effects of atmospheric deposition of acidic substances and nitrogen compounds on the soil water composition in the root zone and below? Do they alter the soil functions?
  • How does the chemical composition of soil water change between the root zone and the aquifer?

Water availability in forest soils

Estimating the water availability for plants in forest soils is also a central topic in my work. Climate changes, especially climate warming and the modification in the precipitation pattern, have an effect on the water availability in the soils and might therefore affect forest ecosystems (e.g. changes in tree growth, in mortality or in tree species).<br/>How is the soil water availability to plants in various forest ecosystems? What is the risk of drought stress with a changing climate? What are the effects on trees?

Links:

 

 

 

Books

Les forêts vaudoises, Collection Patrimoine Vaudois, Retraites Populaires, 2011, ISBN 978-2-8289-1184-3, 193 pages

Textes: Philippe Domont, Georges Herbez, Denis Horiberger, Elisabeth Graf Pannatier, Claude Quartier, Jean-François Robert, Daniel Zimmermann

Photos: Stefan Ansermet, Vues aériennes: André Locher, Concept et graphisme: Oscar Ribes, Editions Favre SA, 2011

Le tiers de la surface de la Suisse est occupé par la forêt qui fournit directement 5000 postes de travail et 80’000 places par le biais de la transformation du bois. Au-delà de leur rôle économique, les forêts sont des lieux prisés pour le délassement et les loisirs, des lieux à protéger dans leur biodiversité, des lieux où se tissent des interactions complexes entre le climat, l’histoire, l’économie, la protection de la nature et les aspirations de tout un monde qui court les bois pour une raison ou une autre. Sans que nous lui prêtions attention, la forêt est partout autour de nous. Accueillante aux abords des villes, mystérieuse dans le Risoud, productive dans le Jorat, parfois inaccessible dans les Préalpes, jardinée ou protectrice, elle accompagne l’homme depuis des millénaires. Source de bois et de services, la forêt nous est à la fois familière et méconnue. Cet album vous permettra de mieux connaître les nombreuses facettes des forêts vaudoises.

To order: Edition Favre, CHF 49.- / EUR: 4

 

Elisabeth Graf Pannatier, 2006: Wie steht's um unseren Wald? Zustand und Zukunft der Schweizer Wälder, Haupt Verlag, CH-Wissen, 150 Seiten.

Es ist nicht allzu lange her, da war das drohende Waldsterben bei uns eines der großen Medienthemen. In Tat und Wahrheit dehnen sich die bewaldeten Flächen in der Schweiz – wie auch anderswo in Europa – seit Jahren aus und die Holzreserven nehmen zu. Zugleich steckt aber die Forstwirtschaft in der Schweiz in einer tiefen Krise, und viele Waldbesitzer sind kaum in der Lage, die Kosten für die Bewirtschaftung und Pflege ihrer Wälder zu decken.<br/>Dieses Buch liefert eine Bestandesaufnahme des Schweizer Waldes und skizziert einen möglichen Weg für die Schweiz, damit die Wälder ihre wichtigen Rollen weiterhin zu spielen vermögen: Schutzwall gegen Naturkatastrophen, <br/>Bewahrer von Artenvielfalt und Wasserreserven, grüne Lunge und nötiger Erholungsraum.

To order: Haupt Verlag, CHF 19.80 / EUR: 12.90

 

Elisabeth Graf Pannatier, 2005: L'avenir des forêts suisses. PPUR, Collection "Le Savoir Suisse", 141 pages.

On a craint que les forêts ne dépérissent. Au contraire, elle s’étendent et deviennent toujours plus riches en bois, Mais les entreprises forestières traversent en Suisse une crise grave et de nombreux propriétaires, souvent des communes, ne couvrent plus les frais de la gestion sylvicole. Dans notre temps de mutations économiques et écologiques, ce livre recense les inventaires accomplis, les recherches en cours et révèle l’état de l’ensemble des surfaces boisées, après des ouragans comme Lothar et dans un climat qui se réchauffe. Par une synthèse claire des développements actuels, l’auteur cerne la stratégie qui oriente la Suisse à l’égard de ses forêts et de leurs rôles multiples, pas toujours compatibles : protectrices contre les catastrophes naturelles, hauts lieux de la diversité biologique, gardiennes de réserves d’eau, espaces de loisirs, puits de carbone, ressource économique, aspect essentiel du paysage.

To order: PPUR, Collection Le Savoir Suisse, CHF 16.- / EUR: 10.90

 

Curriculum

Academic education

 

Other publications

ISI peer-reviewed papers

  • von Arx G, Graf Pannatier E, Thimonier A & Rebetez M. (2013) Microclimate in forests with varying leaf area index and soil moisture: potential implications for seedling establishment in a changing climate. Journal of Ecology. Doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12121
  • Walthert, L., Graf Pannatier, E., Meier, E.S. (2013) Shortage of nutrients and excess of toxic elements in soils limit the distribution of soil-sensitive tree species in temperate forests. Forest Ecology and Management 297: 94-107
  • Huber, B., Luster, J., Bernasconi, S.M., Shrestha J., Graf Pannatier, E. (2012) Nitrate leaching from short-hydroperiod floodplain soils. Biogeosciences 9: 4385-4397
  • Huber, B., Bernasconi, S.M., Graf Pannatier, E., Luster, J., (2012) A simple method for the removal of dissolved organic matter and d15N analysis of NO3. from freshwater. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 26: 1475-1480
  • Graf Pannatier E., Dobbertin, M., Heim, A., Schmitt, M., Thimonier, A., Waldner, P., Frey, B. (2012) Response of carbon fluxes to the 2003 heat wave and drought in three mature forests in Switzerland. Biogeochemistry 107: 295-317
  • Huber, B., Bernasconi, S.M., Luster, J., Graf Pannatier, E. (2011) A new isolation procedure of nitrate from freshwater for nitrogen and oxygen isotope analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 25: 3056-3062
  • Eilmann, B., Zweifel, R., Buchmann, N., Graf Pannatier, E., Rigling, A. (2011) Drought alters timing, quantity, and quality of wood formation in Scots pine. Journal of Experimental Botany 62:2763-2771
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Thimonier, A., Schmitt, M., Walthert, L., Waldner, P. (2011) A decade of monitoring at Swiss Long-Term Forest Ecosystem Research (LWF) sites: can we observe trends in atmospheric acid deposition and in soil solution acidity? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 174:3-30
  • Thimonier, A., Graf Pannatier, E., Schmitt, M., Waldner, P., Walthert, L., Schleppi, P., Dobbertin, M., Kräuchi, N. (2010): Does the exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen alter the nutrient status of trees, nitrate leaching and crown condition at Swiss Long-term Forest Ecosystem Research (LWF) sites? European Journal of Forest Research 129:443-461
  • Dobbertin, M., Eilmann, B., Bleuler, P., Giuggiola, A., Graf Pannatier E., Landolt, W., Schleppi, P., Rigling, A. (2010): Effect of irrigation on needle morphology, shoot and stem growth in a drought exposed Pinus sylvestris L. forest. Tree Physiology 30, 346-360
  • Brunner I, Graf Pannatier E., Frey B., Rigling A., Landolt, W., Zimmermann S., Dobbertin M. (2009): Morphological and physiological responses of Scots pine fine root to water supply in a dry climatic region in Switzerland. Tree Physiology 29: 541-550
  • Blaser, P., Walthert, L., Graf Pannatier, E. (2008): The sensitivity of forest soils to acidification and the risk of aluminium toxicity. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 171, 605-612.
  • Blaser P, Walthert L, Zimmermann S, Graf Pannatier E., Luster J. (2008): Classification schemes for the acidity, base saturation and acidification status of Swiss forest soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 171, 163-170.
  • Blaser P, Graf Pannatier E., Walthert L. (2008): The base saturation in acidified Swiss forest soils on calcareous and non-calcareous parent material. A pH-base saturation anomaly. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 171, 155-162.
  • Waldner P., Schaub M., Graf Pannatier E., Schmitt M., Thimonier A., Walthert L. (2007): Atmospheric Deposition and Ozone Levels in Swiss Forests: Are Critical Values Exceeded? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 128, 5-17.
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Luster, J., Zimmermann, S and Blaser, P. (2005): Acidification of soil solution in a chestnut forest stand in southern Switzerland: are there signs of recovery? Environmental Science & Technology, 39, 7761-7767.
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Luster, J., Zimmermann, S and Blaser, P. (2005): Monitoring of water chemistry in forest soils: an indicator for acidification. Chimia, 59(1), 989.
  • Graf Pannatier, E. Walthert, L and Blaser, P. (2004): Solution chemistry in acid forest soils: Are the BC:Al ratios as critical as expected in Switzerland. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 167, 160-168.
  • Hirano, Y., Graf Pannatier E., Zimmermann, S. and Brunner, I. (2004): Induction of callose in roots of Norway spruce seedlings after short-term exposure to aluminium. Tree physiology 24, 1279-1283.
  • Yunker, M.B., Backus, S. M., Graf Pannatier, E., Jeffries, D.S., Macdonald, R.W. (2002): Sources and significance of alkane and PAH hydrocarbons in Canadian arctic rivers. Estuarine coastal and shelf science 55, 1-31.

Reviewed papers (not ISI)

  • Graf Pannatier, E., Thimonier, A., Schmitt, M., Waldner, P., Walthert, L., (2012): Impact des dépôts atmosphériques acides sur l'eau des sols forestiers. Journal Forestier Suisse 9: 363-373
  • Thimonier, A., Graf Pannatier, E., Schmitt, M., Waldner, P., Schleppi, P., Braun, S. (2012): Dépôts atmosphrériques azotés et leurs effets en forêt: un bilan des sites d'observation à long terme, Journal Forestier Suisse 9: 3056-3062
  • Graf Pannatier E., Dobbertin, M., Schmitt, M., Thimonier A., Waldner P (2009) L'eau des sols forestiers: un milieu sensible aux changements. Forum für Wissen 2009, WSL, Birmensdorf
  • Schmitt M. Waldner P., Schaub M., Graf Pannatier E., Thimonier A. (2009): Stickstoffeintrag und Ozonbelastung im Schweizer Wald aus der Sicht der Langfristigen Waldökosystem-Forschung (LWF). Forum für Wissen 2009, WSL, Birmensdorf.
  • Dobbertin, M., Hug, C., Graf Pannatier, E., Kräuchi, N., Schaub, M., Schmitt, M., Schwyzer, A., Thimonier, A., Waldner, P. (2009): 25 Jahre Sanasilva: Vom Waldsterben zur Waldökosystemforschung Infoblatt Wald 25: 1-4.
  • Graf Pannatier, E.; Blaser, P.; Luster, J. (2007): Sampling of soil solution by zero-tension and tension lysimetry. In: Luster, J.; Finlay, R. (eds.). 2007. Handbook of Methods used in Rhizosphere Research, 189-190.
  • Graf Pannatier, E.; Blaser, P.; Pezzotta, D.; Luster, J. (2007): Inorganic composition of forest soil solutions, incl. sum parameters for C and N. In: Luster, J.; Finlay, R. (eds.). 2007. Handbook of Methods used in Rhizosphere Research, 252-253.
  • Luster, J.; Graf Pannatier, E.; Heim, A.; Pezzotta, D. (2007): Aluminum speciation in forest soil solutions. In: Luster, J.; Finlay, R. (eds.). 2007. Handbook of Methods used in Rhizosphere Research, 265-266.
  • Luster, J.; Graf Pannatier, E.; Zimmermann, S.; Blaser, P. (2007): Reactive and soluble trace elements in soils by buffered EDTA extraction and water extraction. In: Luster, J.; Finlay, R. (eds.). 2007. Handbook of Methods used in Rhizosphere Research, 221-222.
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Schmitt, M., Thimonier, A., Waldner, P., Walthert, P. & Blaser, P. (2006): Monitoring de la composition chimique de l’eau dans les sols forestiers : un outil pour évaluer leur acidification. Bulletin BGS 29, 59-64.
  • Rigling, A., Dobbertin, M., Bürgi, M., Gimmi, U., Graf Pannatier, E., Gugerli, F., Heiniger, U., Polomski, J., Rebetez, M., Rigling, D., Weber, P., Wermelinger, B. & Wohlgemuth, T., (2006): Verdrängen Flaumeichen die Walliser Waldföhren? - Merkbl. Prax. 41: 16 pages. Available in french :Les chênes pubescents chassent-ils les pins sylvestres valaisans? - Not. prat. 41: 16 pages.
  • Fischer, R., Bastrup-Birk, A., Becker, R., Catalayud V., Dietrich, H.-P., Dise, N., Dobbertin, M., Graf Pannatier, E., Gundersen, P., Haußmann, T., Hildingsson, A., Lorenz, M., Müller, J., Mues, V., Pavlenda, P., Petriccione, B., Raspe, S., Sanchez-Pena, G., Sanz, M., Ulrich, E., Volz, R., Wijk, S., (2005): The Condition of Forests in Europe. Executive Report 2005. UNECE, Geneva, 32 pp
  • Dobbertin, M., Bernhard, L., Graf Pannatier, E., Schmitt, M. Thimonier A., Walthert, L. (2001): Langfristige Waldökosystem-Forschung in Graubünden. Bündnerwald 2, 68-70.

Book chapter

  • Novak V., Pichler V., Graf Pannatier E. Farrel EP, Homoak M. (2011): Chapter 16 Forest management effects on below-ground hydrological Processes. In " Forest Management and the Water Cycle. An ecosystem base approach". Ed Bredemerier M, Cohen S, Godbold DL, Lode E., Pichler V, Schleppi P. Ecological Studies, Vol 212, p 291-312. Springer Verlag
  • Graf Pannatier E. (2011): Taillis et prairies sèches (pp 64-73), Les forêts de reconquêtes alpines (pp 150-159), Observations des écosystèmes forestiers (pp 178-179). In : Domont Ph., Herbez G, Horisberger D, Graf Pannatier E, Quartier C, Robert F, Zimmermann D. Les forêts vaudoises. Collection Patrimoine Vaudois, Retraites Populaires, Editions Favre, Lausanne, 187 pages

Conference papers

  • Treydte, K., Boda, S., Battipaglia, G., Fonti, P., Gessler, A., Graf Pannatier, E., Saurer, M., Siegwolf, R., Werner, W. (2010) The pathway of oxygen isotopes from soil to wood (Lötschental, Swiss Alps). Levanic T, Gricar J, Hafner P, Krajnc R, Jagodic S, Gärtner H, Heinrich I, Helle G (eds.) (2010): TRACE - Tree Rings in
    Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology, Vol. 8: Proceedings of the DENDROSYMPOSIUM 2009, April 16th – 19th 2009, Otočec, Slovenia. GFZ Potsdam, Scientific Technical Report STR 10/05, Potsdam, p. 33-40.
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Dobbertin, M., Schmitt, M., Thimonier, A. & Waldner, P. (2007): Effects of the drought 2003 on forests in Swiss level II plots. In: Symposium: Forests in a Changing Environement - Results of 20 years ICP Forests Monitoring Göttingen, 25-28.10. 2006. Schriften aus der Forstlichen Fakultät der Universität Göttingen und der Nordwestdeutschen Forstlichen Versuchanstalt. Band 142, 128-135.
  • Waldner, P., Graf Pannatier, E., Thimonier, A., Schmitt, M. & Walthert, L. (2006): Nitrogen cycle of selected Swiss level II plots. In: J. Eichhorn (ed.), Forests in a Changing Environment. Results of 20 years ICP Forests Monitoring, Göttingen, Germany, October 25-28, 2006. International Co-operative Programme on the Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests), Northwest German Forest Research Station, Göttingen. p. 73-74.
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Dobbertin, M., Brechbühl, A., Schmitt, M., Thimonier, A., Waldner, P., Kräuchi, N. (2004): Effect of water deficit on tree growth, leaf discolouration and litter fall in Swiss ICP-Forests level II plots. Berichte Freiburger forstliche Forschung Heft 57. Fakultät für Forst- und Umweltwissenschaften, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg; Forstliche Versuchs- und Forschungsanstalt Baden-Württemberg (FVA), Freiburg, Germany.
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Walthert, L. (2002): La composition chimique de l'eau dans deux sols forestiers acides en Suisse. Actes de la Journée thématique de l'Antenne romande du WSL du 26 novembre 2002 à l'EPFL-Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Graf Pannatier, E., Griffioen, J. and Gerritse J. (1999): Oxidation capacity of sediments in relation to biodegradation of toluene. In B.C. Alleman and A. Leeson (Eds), Natural Attenuation of chlorinated Solvents, Petroleum hydrocarbons and Other Organic Compounds. The Fifth International In Situ and On-site Bioremediation Symposium, pp. 189-194. Batelle Press, Columbus, Ohio., United States.

Monography

  • Graf Pannatier, E. (1997): Sediment accumulation and historical deposition of trace metals and trace organic compounds in the Mackenzie Delta (Northwest Territories, Canada). Terre & Environnement, Section des Sciences de la Terre, Université de Genève, vol.10, 222 pp.

Reports

  • Graf Pannatier, E., Broers, H. P., Venema, P. and van Beusekom, G. (2000): A new process-based geochemical classification of groundwater. Application to the Netherlands national monitoring network. NITG 00-143-B, NITG- TNO report, The Netherlands.
 

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