A novel approach to disentangle atmospheric and soil drought

High evaporative demand (i.e., vapor pressure deficit or VPD) is an important factor influencing plant transpiration. VPD has increased in the context of global warming in recent decades, and can be referred to in highly simplified terms as "air dryness".

We aim to apply a scale-spanning approach to disentangle the processes affected by atmospheric (i.e., VPD) and soil droughts from the tissue to the tree and the ecosystem level. Our objective is to set up the first atmospheric humidity and soil moisture manipulative experiment in a mature natural forest. We will combine air humidity (and thus VPD) manipulation using a humidification system in the canopy of adult trees and a below-canopy throughfall exclusion system.

The system will be installed at the long-term Pfynwald irrigation experiment, a pivotal monitoring and experimental site in a pine forest in Valais, where the effects of soil drought have been studied since 2003 (see map). The site benefits from extensive data series, including more than 120 parameters collected at the tissue, tree, and ecosystem levels.

The project consists in operating a high-pressure air humidification system in addition to the existing irrigation system, which serves to partially increase the soil moisture. With six nozzle fields installed in the area of the treetops, the vapor pressure deficit will be reduced specifically by 20-30%.

In addition, a below-canopy throughfall exclusion system consisting of six rain shelters will reduce the precipitation by approx. 50%.

The combination of precipitation reduction with a VPD manipulation experiment in a mature forest is worldwide unique but, at the same time, urgently needed to provide a critical empirical test platform to assess the mechanisms of climate change impacts on temperate forests.

Pressured to transpire: drought, heat and forests

Disentangling the effects of VPD from those of other factors such as heat and drought is a new challenge for scientists worldwide. This is precisely the aim of another, related project conducted by Prof. Charlotte Grossiord at four sites in Switzerland and presented in this video.


Terms of Use and Safety Concept

Collaboration on the Pfynwald research platform is highly welcome! For your safety and for the integrity of the forest site, we kindly ask the collaborators to take note of the Terms of Use and the Safety Concept.

Project duration: 2022 - 2029